• AP Chemistry Syllabus

     

    AP Chemistry Program

    AP chemistry meets everyday for 42 minutes with every other day scheduled as a double period. Students average two double periods per week for laboratories. It is assumed from the onset that the students enrolled in this class have strong math scores and have done well in Regents chemistry. Otherwise, it will be very difficult for the class to be able to keep up the rigorous pace that is necessary to achieve its goals.

     

    Laboratory

    Students will work in groups of two and are expected to be able to use equipment and materials in order to make observations and collect data. They will then use the collected data to form conclusions and verify hypotheses; and communicate and compare results and procedures. All lab reports are to be kept in a lab notebook that will be graded at the end of each marking period.

     

    Homework

    Homework is a necessary and important part of this course all reading and practice assignments are to be completed by the due date. No late assignments will be accepted unless it is due to a legal absence from school.

     

    Textbook

    Brown, Theodore E., H. Eugene LeMay, and Bruce E. Bursten. Chemistry: The Central Science. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. (8th Edition)

     

    Tests and Quizzes

    All test and quiz questions will be based on AP style questions and all short answer must be justified with an adequate explanation or show clearly all calculations leading up to the final answer.

     

    Class Outline and Schedule

    Unit 1 Chapters 1-3 (4weeks)

                Introduction to AP chemistry

                            Lab work

                            Problem solving

                            Dimensional analysis

                            Classification of matter

                            Measurement and significant figures

                Atomic structure

                            Atomic theory and structure

                            Molecules and ions

                            Nomenclature

                            The Periodic Table

                Stoichiometry

                            Atomic weights

                            Mole concept

                            Patterns of chemical reactivity

                            Empirical and molecular formula

                            Percent composition

                            Stoichiometry problems including limiting reactants

    Unit 2 Chapter 4 (2 weeks)

                Aqueous solutions

                Precipitation reactions

                Acids and bases

                Redox

                Calculate concentrations

                Chemical analysis

    Unit 3 Chapter 5 (2 weeks)

                Thermochemistry

                            Energy changes

                            Calorimetry

                            First law

                            Enthalpies of reactions

                            Hess’s law

                            Enthalpies of formation

    Unit 4 Chapter 6 (2 weeks)

                Electronic structure of atoms

                            Wave nature of light

                            Bohr model

                            Quantum model

                            Quantum numbers

                            Historical aspects of atomic theory

    Unit 5 Chapter 7 (1 week)

                Groups

                Periods

                Trends

                Periodic properties

                Using the table to make predictions

    Unit 6 Chapters 8,9+11(2 weeks)

                Basic Concepts

                            Ionic

                            Lattices

                            Covalent

                            Polarity and Electronegativity

                            Drawing Lewis Structures including Resonance

                            Exceptions to the Octet

                Molecular models

                            Bond Orders and Angles

                            VSEPR

                            Geometry

                            Relation of Properties to Structure

    Unit 7 Chapter10 (2 weeks)

                Gas Laws

                Ideal Gas Equation and Applications of The Equation

                Real vs. Ideal

                Kinetic Molecular Theory

                Partial Pressure

                Effusion and Diffusion

    Unit 8 Chapter 11 (1 week)

                Intermolecular Forces

                Solids and Liquids

                Phase Diagrams

                Vapor Pressure

    Unit 9 Chapter 13 (1 week)

                Solutions

                            Concentration

                            Factors Affecting Solubility

                            Colligative Properties

    Unit 10 Chapter 14 (2 weeks)

                Reaction Rates

                            Collision Theory

                            PE Diagrams

                            Activation Energy

                            Rate Laws

                            Reaction Mechanisms

    Unit 11 Chapter 15 (2 weeks)

                Equilibrium

                            Law of Chemical Equilibrium

                            Equilibrium Constants

                            Calculation and uses of Equilibrium Constants

                            Kp vs. Kc

                            LeChatelier’s Principle

    Unit 12 Chapters 16 + 17 (3 weeks)

                Acids and Bases

                pH

                Ka and Kb

                Salts and Hydrolysis

                Indicators and Titrations

                Different Theories of Acids and Bases

               Buffers

    Unit 13 Chapter 17 (1 week)

                Ksp

                Solubility

                Common Ion Effect

                Precipitation and the Separation of Ions

    Unit 14 Chapter 19 (1 week)

                Chemical Thermodynamics

                Entropy and Enthalpy

                Gibbs Free Energy

                ?G, ?S and ?H

    Unit 15 Chapter 20 (2 weeks)

                Electrochemistry

                Redox Equations

                Spontaneity

                Voltaic Cells

                Nernst Equation

                Electrolysis

                Faraday

    Unit 18 Chapter 21 (3 days)

                Nuclear Chemistry

                            Equations

                            Half-Life

                            Radioactivity and uses of isotopes

    Unit 17 (3 days)

                Review of Organic Nomenclature and Reactions

                            Functional Groups

                            Properties

    Laboratory

    1. Chemical Reactions
    2. Qualitative Analysis of 11 Unknowns
    3. Composition of a Hydrate
    4. Melting Point
    5. CuS Empirical Formula
    6. Heat of Neutralization
    7. Search for the Copper Ion
    8. Mass Volume of Hydrogen Gas
    9. Generation and Test for Hydrogen Gas
    10. Generation and Test for Oxygen Gas
    11. Spectrophotometry of Co 2+
    12. Molecular Mass of a Volatile Liquid
    13. Study of the Kinetics of a Reaction
    14. Titration of Acids and Bases
    15. Determination of the Dissociation Constant of a Weak Acid
    16. Voltaic Cells
    17. Electrolysis of 4 Solutions
    18. Liquid Chromatography
    19. Preparation of Esters
    20. Analysis of Aspirin

     

    Sources for labs include:

    Laboratory Experiments for AP Chemistry, Sally Ann Vonderlink Ph.D.

    Spectrophotometry Laboratory Manual, Flinn Scientific

    Laboratory Experiments for Brown, LeMay and Bursten